In many cases, the receiver is a local distribution center that services the businesses in a particular area from day to day, but may also be an individual company. Freight classification is a specialized skill within the industry and is only really relevant if a shipper is considering using a less-than truckload (LTL) carrier. 11 Common Freight Shipping Acronyms You Need to Know, Logistics 101: Basics of Freight Shipping. Most common shipping terms and their meanings. If a shipper is in a time-sensitive situation, TL service can guarantee the fastest route. Below are some of the most common freight-shipping terms and abbreviations, along with descriptions of how each one fits into the larger context of the freight shipping industry. The terms are intended to facilitate international trade by providing common reference points. The receiver is responsible for all inbound logistics of freight. In the past few years, She's had the opportunity to work with many clients, helping them achieve better results through the improvement of their supply chain strategy. This can be any number of experienced carriers responsible for transporting cargo safely. Download our LTL Additional Services Cheat Sheet for more information.Accounts Payable – Part of the billing department in charge of paying carriers, operators, or factoring companies for ser… What is the terms used if you have to wrap the goods to be shipped? 1 Glossary of Shipping Terms May 2008 Maritime Administration 1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE Washington, DC 20590. The consignee is the person that’s paying for the freight service. The accessorial includes any other specifics regarding the freight from pickup through delivery. So, if you have freight that was inbound freight, dropped off at a warehouse, and now it is being picked up and moved elsewhere leaving the warehouse, it becomes outbound freight. One giant box, about 20 or 40 feet long that will fit in ships’ holds and can also be carried by rail or truck. Their customers are the shippers themselves, and they profit by managing contracts amongst a network of different carriers. What is C&F? The slang used in shipping can often be confusing, with shipping terms abound with abbreviations and acronyms. Since most carriers charge a specific fee per mile of transport, they use linehaul mileage to calculate the rate. Often, carriers will offer a discounted rate for backhauling in order to avoid an empty trailer. have built an industry of their own, acting as intermediaries between shippers and carriers. These look similar to a flatbed except that their beds (or decks) are closer to the ground. Cubic Capacity - The total freight load capacity of any truck, train or ship is measured in cubic feet. Everything involved in getting the freight ready to ship falls under the umbrella of outbound logistics. Transit time: The total amount of time from pickup through delivery. Logistics Terms. In short: they all rely on one another. Not all TL freight can fit through double doors or load from the back of a truck. Created Date: 3/28/2017 1:28:44 PM A driver should also be able to shift LTL freight. Generally, we’re familiar with the concept and function of each entity toward the end of the supply chain; that is to say, those closest to the consumer end. This would include deliveries in gated areas, unloading, and so on. A backhaul is a shipment that is returning. TL carriers can cater to the fragility of freight. A “linehaul” refers to the route of the freight or the “line” of transportation. However, we’re far less familiar with the distribution centers that support delivery services and even less familiar with the entities that support them: the freight-shipping industry. 2 ALASKA MARINE LINES 5615 W. Marginal Way S.W. Understanding the shipping terms helps you request the right service for your needs. The load is not large enough to require its own truck. +11234567890. All employees who handle this type of freight must have a Hazmat Certification. Companies that provide equipment and machinery for commercial as well as industrial purposes comprise another integral part of the supply chain. Receivers inspect shipments and add them to inventory, completing the freight-shipping, barring the event of a backhaul. TL shipping usually involves a direct linehaul. We all know that there’s a loading dock toward the back of the restaurant where someone unloads produce before preparing it for consumption. Due to the variety of the freight onboard, LTL trucks are usually dry vans. There are 11 distinct Incoterms across four main categories—C terms, D terms, E terms, and F terms. This can mean a transfer from truck to truck or a transfer from truck to rail. Freight forwarders are designated as common carriers. I lead the shipping dept.This is a simple yet very useful tool. “Consignee” refers to the party that will pay for freight shipping. However, this method also tends to have the longest linehaul of all carriers. Shipping containers on flat railroad cars. Some common accessorials include liftgate services, and residential delivery. The size (weight, length, height), density, value, stow-ability, handling, and liability of the freight are the most important factors in determining freight class. Everything involved in getting the freight ready to ship falls under the umbrella of outbound logistics. Skip to content 800.716.7608 Not only is this process time-efficient, it’s also a financial win for all parties since the carrier recoups travel costs on an otherwise empty haul and shippers save on costs for these particular loads. Having a full truckload to ship is going to be much faster compared to less-than-truckload shipping, a term reviewed below, because with a truck full of one type of cargo the freight goes from its origin to its destination immediately.